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nfpa member 1718

Posting a Fire Watch

BACKGROUND

A fire watch is a physical inspection conducted when a BUILDINGS fire alarm, sprinkler or other suppression systems, are temporarily out of service. 

Posting of a fire watch is the responsibility of the building owner or their designated representative, which may include tenants or construction superintendents.

Fire watch personnel are required to continually patrol the facility for evidence of smoke, fire, or any abnormal conditions. When the average a life-threatening situation is discovered, the fire watch personnel must immediately contact emergency personnel (via 911), and then alert the occupants and assist in the orderly evacuation of the facility.

 

REQUIREMENTS

NFPA 101 life safety code requires that a fire watch be instituted anytime a sprinkler system, fire alarm, or other suppression system is out of service. Additionally, the office of the fire prevention division must be contacted and advise that a system is out of service and a fire watch is been posted.

SELECTING FIRE WATCH PERSONNEL

Confident, responsible, and able-bodied individuals shall be selected to conduct fire watches. Typically, hired security guards, or maintenance personnel and managers who are familiar with the building make excellent choices. (May refer to NFPA 601 guard service in fire loss prevention for additional information).

FIRE WATCH LOG

A separate log identifying each building, or area, under the fire watch by name and address shall be completed. Log entries shall be made hourly at the completion of each round. Log entries shall consist of the date, the time the round was completed, a summary of what was observed, and the name and signature of individual conducting the watch. The fire watch log shall be readily accessible for review by the Fire Marshal.

DUTIES OF FIRE WATCH PERSONNEL

Individuals who are selected for fire watch detail shall be brief in order to have a thorough understanding of the purpose and the responsibilities of their assignment. Procedures and instructions given shall be specific with respect to actions required. They shall also have a basic understanding of the location, function, and normal status of the fire alarm and sprinkler systems, including fire pumps. Fire watch personnel shall conduct hourly rounds by walking throughout the entire building or affected area, looking for evidence of smoke, fire, or any abnormal conditions. The specific route shall be laid out so that the fire watch person is required to pass through the entire area to be covered. Wear special circumstances that exist, such as the presence of exceptional hazards or large areas, additional patrols may be required by the Fire Marshal. Individual selected shall know the location and operation of all portable fire extinguishers on site.

EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS

The individual conducting the fire watch shall be equipped with a cell phone for prompt notification of emergency services (via 911) in case of emergency. Alternate methods of communication (radios to security/command centers with the means to immediately dial 911) may be approved by the fire marshal upon request.

WRITTEN NOTIFICATION

Written notification of intention to post a fire watch when planned, or the actual posting of a fire watch necessitated by an unplanned event, shall be forwarded to the fire prevention division. This correspondent shall be put on the official letterhead of the business, general contractor, or subcontractor assuming responsibility for the detail. The letter shall be specify the business name and address; the building or proportions thereof affected; the purpose of the fire watch; the dates and times these systems will be nonfunctional and the fire watch will be in effect; the qualification of the individual selected; and the specific type of communication device they will have immediately available.

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