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Friday, 28 October 2011 23:00

Fire Prevention

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Most fires occur because the general public is not aware of good fire prevention practices.  Seventy percent (70%) of the fires that occur in homes and buildings can be attributed to carelessness.  Many others are caused by faulty equipment which could or should have been recognized and repaired.  These are needless fires - the kind that can be prevented if each of us takes the time to practice fire safety in out homes and businesses.

Today we are going to talk about the t

 

True or False:

1. Improper storage of oily or used painting rags can cause them to spontaneously ignite?

 

True

A low grade chemical breakdown can cause heat that will ignite the rags especially if there is not enough ventilation to let the heat drift off.  Always dispose of rags appropriately!!

2. Electrical extension cords that are wound around the leg of a table or chair (to take up slack) can cause a fire?

True

‘Resistance’ heating (the heat generated by passing an electrical current through a conductor such as a wire or an appliance) is increased if the conductor is tightly wound.  Never wind cords around objects!!

3. If you are awakened by smoke, you should stand up and check the door to see if it is safe to escape?

False

NEVER stand up when you smell or see smoke.  Poisonous gases along with smoke can be filling the top of your room.  Always crouch down and crawl to the door, then choose your escape route.

4. Fire extinguishers vary in size but are composed of the same substances.

False

There are different kinds of extinguishers for different kinds of fires.  You will learn about these today.

5. Fire extinguishers should be checked once a year.

True

When checking the extinguisher, make sure the pressure gauge reads full, otherwise send if off to be recharged.

6. If there is not a fire extinguisher to use, you should extinguish a fire with water.

False

Water is not appropriate for electrical or grease fires.

7. It is better for smoke alarms to be installed in your sleeping area to warn against fire.

False

According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), minimum protection requires a smoke detector outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home, including the basement.

8. Smoke detectors should not be place near windows.

True

The slightest draft can interfere with the unit's operation.

9. The only maintenance that is required for your smoke detector is changing the battery twice per year.

False

Also clean your detectors.  Dust and cobwebs can reduce a detector's sensitivity to smoke.

10. A small fire extinguisher purchased over the counter lasts approximately 1 minute during extinguishment of a fire.

False

The small fire extinguisher that is most commonly used in homes only lasts from 8 to 30 seconds.

Fire Prevention:

Fire Prevention can be summed up in two words – COMMON SENSE.  If I gave you a list of hazard scenarios, you can probably guess what could happen.

What could happen if you .....

1)            ...smoke in bed?

2)            ...place heaters within three feet of flammable materials?

3)            ...staple electrical cords to walls or pierce the insulation covering?

4)            ...place ashtrays on chair or sofa arms?

5)            ...use your oven to heat your home?

6)            ...let your kitchen curtain hang near the stovetop range?

7)            ...let grease buildup on stove or in an oven?

8)            ...use a fireplace without fire screen?

9)            ...leave matches within reach of children?

10)          ...plug in your space heater, refrigerator, and blow dryer in to the same extension cord?

Always check your appliances and cords for defects and make sure matches or lighters stay in a safe place.

Read 5444 times Last modified on Sunday, 30 October 2011 16:56
More in this category: « Brush Fire Safety Smoke Dectectors »

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